Sports Aviation Without Motors
Sports aviation is extremely interesting and attractive for lovers of aviation in general, since this modality allows total synchronization between the pilot and the aircraft in a unique way.
These extreme fun and playful activities are also considered to be the most striking, demanding and exciting in aviation; They consist of both physical efforts, due to their long hours of flight and resistance in the air, and mental effort, since the pilot must maintain concentration for a long time, either in a quiet flight in broad daylight or in the challenge of a night flight with a much higher level of demand in incredible scenarios. The pilot must have a level of experience in topics such as meteorology, aerodynamics, topography, among others, in order to not depend on any type of instrumentation, which in an optimal way can be his best allies at the time of the execution of the instinct to fly.
On the other hand, there is satisfaction, calm and pleasure in the execution of the "perfect flight" that some of these modalities can provide.
· Hang gliding
Since the beginning of the history of aviation, the most elemental dream for any man or pilot is to copy the flight of birds, to be able to feel their freedom, even to be able to perform their stuns.
A hang glider is a glider built with two types of wings: flexible (the most used) and rigid, the wing is covered with a fabric of materials resistant to wind currents, which depends on its use of ascending and descending air currents. and together with handling and sunlight, they can combine the most complete and pure aviation experience, “Free Flight”. Therefore, hang glider pilots can stay in the air for long periods of time and even perform stunts in championships. The hang glider is controlled by the displacement of the pilot's body weight and can be taken off, carried and landed with the sole help of the pilot's body.
Although the parachute jump turns out to be an experience hardly unmatched, it is also true that you want to jump until the parachute opens, only a few seconds pass and then a descent is made with the parachute open. In total they spend an average of 5 to 7 minutes. Paragliding, on the other hand, offers the opportunity to access an extremely exciting experience with the advantage that the experience can last for many hours, as long as the weather and aerological conditions allow it.
With exceptions such as base jumps, skydiving requires an aircraft to lift the skydiver high enough to allow them to make the jump. The paraglider takes off from the pilot's feet from the ascent to an elevation or towed by a cable with the help of a winch.
The complete equipment of a paraglider weighs an average of 20 kg in total. In fact, the definition of paragliding includes it being a flexible ultralight glider. The term ultralight refers to being lighter than the pilot. It is flexible because all its parts are made up of non-rigid elements capable of bending 180 degrees in all its parts, which is what allows everything to be put in a backpack.
These are the most aerodynamic aircraft that exist, and their innovations are not only applied to the rest of the aeronautical industry, but also to other sectors in which speed is decisive, for example, in competition vehicles. Its engineering challenges focus on minimizing aerodynamic drag, induced drag and weight. Thanks to this, glide coefficients are achieved that allow flying distances of 60 km with only 1,000 m of height at a speed of 150 km/h and without an engine!
The glider has the same primary control elements as any aircraft and what most characterizes them is the span of their wings which, depending on the model, can reach more than 17 m and with speeds close to 300 km/h.
Since they do not have an engine, for takeoff and ascent there are these procedures: Winch trailer, Traditional trailer or Australian-style trailer.